Update: you must also include a
pluginRepositoriessection. See below for XML snippet.
Update: See here for a sample project and the source code of the compiler integration.
The standard way of compiling joint Groovy-Java code outside of Eclipse has always been through the use of stubs:
- Generate Java stub files for the Groovy files
- Compile the Java files using the stubs to compile against
- Compile the Groovy files
Although this works reasonably well in many situations, there are some complications and problems with this approach, most of which have already been described recently in detail on the groovy-dev mailing list here and here, so I won't go into them in this post.
About a year ago, we introduced Groovy-Eclipse 2.0, which compiles Groovy code by plugging into the JDT compiler and does not need to generate stub files. And as Andy Clement describes, it is possible to run the compiler in batch mode on the command line.
And now, with a little bit of glue code required, I have released a snapshot of the compiler with both ant and maven integration. Although, this is still early work, I do hope that this approach will solve many of the problems that Groovy programmers are having with stub generation. I'll describe below how they both work.
Ant integration for Groovy-Eclipse
Ant integration for the batch compiler is fairly simple.
- Download the groovy-eclipse-batch-0.5.0.jar from its temporary location.
- Add this jar to your
- Once you have that, you need to set the
This will cause ant's javac task to delegate the Groovy-Eclipse compiler for the actual compilation. This means that it is possible to pass any combination of Groovy and Java files to the compiler and most parameters applicable for javac are still available when using the compiler adapter.
A very simple script that uses the Groovy compiler adapter looks like this:
<target name="compile"> <property name="build.compiler" value="org.codehaus.groovy.eclipse.ant.GroovyCompilerAdapter"> <javac srcdir="src" destdir="bin"/> </target>
This script sets compiler adapter and compiles all source files in
src, placing the resulting class files in
*.groovyfiles are included in the compilation.
Maven integration for Groovy-Eclipse
Groovy-Eclipse can now also be used from maven. To do so, add the following to your pom.xml.
The artifacts are currently in the SpringSource snapshot maven repo. You must add it as a regular repository:
<repositories> <repository> <id>springsource</id> <url>http://maven.springframework.org/snapshot</url> <releases><enabled>true</enabled></releases> <snapshots><enabled>true</enabled></snapshots> </repository> </repositories>
as well as a plugin repository:
<pluginRepositories> <pluginRepository> <id>springsource</id> <url>http://maven.springframework.org/snapshot</url> </pluginRepository> </pluginRepositories>
And in your plugin section, you must change the compiler used by the maven-compiler-plugin. Like the javac ant task, the maven-compiler-plugin does not actually compile, but rather delegates the compilation to a different artifact:
<build> ... <plugins> <plugin> <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId> <version>2.3.1</version> <configuration> <compilerId>groovy-eclipse-compiler</compilerId> <verbose>true</verbose> </configuration> <dependencies> <dependency> <groupId>org.codehaus.groovy</groupId> <artifactId>groovy-eclipse-compiler</artifactId> <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version> </dependency> </dependencies> </plugin> ... </plugins> </build>
This will allow Groovy files to be compiled. The maven-compiler-plugin prefers all source files to be in
src/test/java, but if you prefer you can use the standard Groovy convention and keep your files in
src/test/groovy. You can do so by adding the following plugin to your build section of the pom:
<plugin> <groupId>org.codehaus.mojo</groupId> <artifactId>build-helper-maven-plugin</artifactId> <version>1.5</version> <executions> <execution> <id>add-source</id> <phase>generate-sources</phase> <goals> <goal>add-source</goal> </goals> <configuration> <sources> src/main/groovy src/test/groovy </sources> </configuration> </execution> </executions> </plugin>
This approach is still in an alpha state and has not been widely tested. It was hard to find reasonably large Groovy-Java projects that use maven for me to try this on. The largest project I have compiled in this way is the GPars project (GPars uses gradle for its build, but I adapted its build.gradle to a pom.xml and successfully ran maven on it). This project includes 168 Java and Groovy files in main as well as 338 Groovy files in test. In a not particularly scientific manner, I did a few runs of building the main and test classes using both Groovy-Eclipse and GMaven and the results are that Groovy-Eclipse is reasonably faster than GMaven for this project:
- Time to compile main and test classes using GMaven: 36s
- Time to compile main and test classes using Groovy-Eclipse: 28s
In addition to being largely untested in the wild, there are a few caveats when using Groovy-Eclipse:
- Since stubs are not generated, GroovyDoc and any other artifacts that rely on stubs cannot be generated.
- This only supports Groovy 1.7.
- Third (ant only), your project must have at least one Java file in it (this can be an empty stub), or else ant will finish without compiling anything. There is a patch for this (Bug 48829), but I am waiting for it to be contributed back to ant.
- Fourth (maven only), your maven project must have at least one groovy file or else compilation will not occur. (Though, if your project doesn't have any Groovy files, then why are you using a Groovy compiler?)
There is still some work to be done, but it is ready enough for people to start trying it out. Feedback is greatly appreciated. You can reply to this blog post, send a message to the mailing list, or raise an issue on jira.